BURMA (Myanmar)

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            Burma, officially named the Union of Myanmar, has a rich cultural and political history.  The Burmese first migrated from the Tibetan highlands into the mainland sometime around 800 AD.  They built a powerful kingdom encompassing essentially the same area as present-day Burma, centered in its capital, Pagan.  A series of Anglo-Burmese wars in the early nineteenth century resulted in the colonization of Burma by the British.  The country didn’t achieve independence again until 1948, following the assassination of General Aug San.  These political changes influenced the culture of Burma, which follows primarily Buddhist and Bamar traditions.