Earthquake Section

image: clipart.com

One October 8, 2005, a massive earthquake struck the Northern region of Pakistan, Kashmir. The quake registered a minimum magnitude of 7.6 on the moment magnitude scale making it a major earthquake similar in intensity to the 1935 Quetta earthquake, the 2001 Gujarat Earthquake, and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The Pakistani government's official death toll was 87,350. Some estimate that the death toll was really over 100,000. The quake affected the countries of Pakistan, India and Afghanistan.

You will need to research the disaster as well as the ways in which various states, NGOs, IGOs and even individuals aided the recovery effort. What approach was most successful? Where does the power to address global disasters lie?

Remember the three goals for diaster relief.


The BBC devoted an entire section of to collecting various information about the disaster. They have a special report on state actions involving the military.

Plate tectonics of the region

Local parent, Brian Tucker, runs GeoHazards, a non-profit dedicated to preventing deaths in the event of earthquakes. Check out their website.

NPR in the US also collected great information as well as doing a series on the disaster one year later. In the right hand border of the website is also a link to IGOs and NGOs working in the area.

image: wikipedia commons


image: http://geohaz.org/

What were the various NGOs operating in the region and what did they accomplish? How should we evaluate their efficacy? The following links should give you a place to start with this question.

Global Policy Forum reprinted an article trying to evaluate the role of NGOs in treating disasters. Greenpeace has information on how it sees NGOs serving the world A group of NGOs created a committee to coordinate work in Pakistan. Check out their joint action report.


The UN maintains a site to update people on all its efforts in disaster relief. For the specifics on the tsunami go to: UN on the earthquake.

INEE created a report on the regional governments' attempts to address the issue.